Knowing what to put on a burn is extremely important if you want to promote fast and healthy healing. Unfortunately, burns are one of the most common household injuries. Therefore, it is especially crucial to know this information.
Here’s a little information about the types of burns. This will help you in getting the correct treatment for your injury.
What is a minor burn?
There are two types of minor burns: first degree burns and second-degree burns. First degree burns only affect the top layer of the skin, causing your skin to turn red and swell. Unfortunately, these types of burns can be painful.
Second-degree burns go one layer deeper than first degree burns. As a result, the skin will blister, turn red, swell, and will usually be painful.
What is a major burn?
Major burns, otherwise known as 3rd-degree burns, usually result from a fire, an electrical wire or socket, or chemicals. By definition, they are usually larger than 2 inches (5 centimeters) and can take several weeks or even months to heal. Third-degree burns are usually not painful because they tend to damage our nerves that are sensitive to pain.
How to treat minor burns
After getting a burn, it’s important to follow a proper procedure to ensure that your skin heals nicely. If you ever get a burn, here’s what you should immediately do:
- Cool the burn
- Remove anything constricting the burn
- Apply burn cream or antibiotic ointment
- Bandage the burn
- If needed, take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen
The first thing that you should do as soon as you get a minor burn is to run cool water over the injury for about 20 minutes. This will ease the pain. Just make sure to let it air dry and don’t apply any ice or very cold water to the burn.
Next, you’re going to want to remove anything that may constrict the wound. Tight clothing and rings are common offenders. The reason that you want to do this is to encourage more blood flow toward the wound. Increased blood flow naturally helps the burn heal faster.
Once you’ve removed any constricting items, make sure to apply a burn or antibiotic cream. I always keep Neosporin around my house for this reason. It also has the added benefit of preventing infection and providing pain relief. Click here to get it on Amazon.
After you’ve applied some ointment to your wound, bandage it. To protect it from rubbing and pressure, a sterile non-stick and lightly wrapped gauze works best. Make sure not to use a dressing that sheds fibers, because they will get stuck to the wound. Petrolatum and Adaptic-type bandages work best. Make sure to change the dressing once a day until the burn heals.
For pain, there are a few over-the-counter pain medications that you can choose from: acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, or aspirin. Of course, never take more than the bottle recommends.
Common signs of infection in burns
If your burn is superficial, immediate medical care may not be required. Of course, there are certain situations where is a simple at-home treatment will not do. Deeper burns should be checked by a doctor. If your burn gets infected, it’s especially important that you get it checked out. Here are signs that you may have an infection:
- increasing pain
If your symptoms get worse over time, it might be best to see a medical professional.
What to put on burns to prevent scarring
Unfortunately, many burns end up turning into scars. However, there are a few things that you can do to increase the chances that your skin will heal beautifully. Here’s what you should put on your burn to prevent scarring:
- Cover the burn with a non-stick bandage and then put gauze around it.
- Make sure to stretch the burned area for a few minutes. This will prevent your muscles from shortening. Do it daily if possible.
- When the wound has closed, you can take off the bandage. However, make sure to cover the burn with clothing or sunscreen for the next few months. It will be very sensitive to the sun during this time.
If possible, remember to check in with your doctor to make sure that your burn is healing correctly.
What to put on burns for pain
Fortunately, there are a few things that you can put on burns to help the pain go away:
- cool water
- cold compresses
- antibiotic ointment
- aloe vera
Cool water is a simple, but effective way to reduce the pain from a minor burn. Simply run your hand under cool water for about 20 minutes and you should be good to go.
Cold compresses are another thing that is good for minimizing the ill effects from a burn. Cold compresses are a frozen or chilled material, usually an ice pack or a wet washcloth, that helps relieve pain and swelling.
Also, you can apply an antibiotic ointment. Many commercial ointments come with a pain-relieving formula, making them perfect for injuries. Like I stated earlier, I recommend Neosporin from Amazon.
Last, some natural remedies work just as well. Aloe vera and honey, for example, have been used for centuries for their wonderful medicinal properties. Aloe vera comes in many different forms, from liquids to gels. It can even be applied differently aloe vera plant. To use this medicinal gel, simply apply a small dollop to your burn and gently rub it in twice a day. The same goes for honey.
What to put on sunburn
Outdoor activities can be fun until you get hit with that dreaded sunburn. Redness, peeling, and itching. We’ve all been there. The sun is your best friend, but also your worst enemy. Unfortunately, there is no instant cure to get rid of sunburns. However, there are a few things that you can do to ease the pain.
- Apply a soothing anti-inflammatory cream
- Make a cold compress
- Keep it covered
Something to remember is that if your skin has started peeling, do not pull it off. Instead, allow it to come off on its own. Also, make sure to never put ice on the healing sunburn, because it can make the shedding worse and lead to scarring.
Anti-inflammatory creams, like aloe vera and cortisone creams, good options for reducing swelling from your burn.
Cold compresses are usually packs that can be thrown in the freezer or filled with ice. They are efficient in soothing irritation and are effective in stopping the peeling that results from sunburns. There are various types of cold compresses to choose from, but I like this one from Amazon because it molds to my body. It’s also easy to use. I just pop it in the fridge for a bit and it’s ready to go.
To treat your sunburn with a cold compress, apply it to your skin for about 20 to 30 minutes.
Lastly, one of the more important things that you can do is to keep your burn covered. It is crucial to protect your peeling skin from further damage, so make sure to cover it with clothing or sunscreen when going out in the sun.
What to put on burn scab
Scabs form to protect your wounds. They prevent nasty infections from getting into your injury and reproducing. Therefore, it’s important to keep them moist and covered with gauze, bandages, non-stick dressings or gentle paper tape. Keep in mind that burns can get itchy, but that it’s important to resist scratching. Peeling a scab will do more harm than good because they disrupt the body’s natural healing process.
What to put on burn blisters
If you ever get a burn and develop a burn blister, the first thing that you’re going to want to do is to clean the burn with soap and water. However, remember to be gentle. Burn blisters are the body’s natural way of protecting our skin, so it’s best not to pop them or else they might get infected.
After washing your wound, you should apply an ointment to soothe the burn. I recommend this aloe vera gel from Amazon as a natural way to help your skin heal. Petroleum jelly also works particularly well.
Something that you should note is that you should never use lotion, oil, butter, or egg whites on your burns. These things can cause irritation or infection.
Also, there are a few things that you should do or avoid doing if you want your burns to heal quickly. Never scratch your wounds, as this can slow the healing process and damage new skin fairly quickly.
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